Carbohydrate-low or low-carb diets such as Atkins, although extremely popular, may make long-term harm to the body and even reduce life expectancy, a new study found.
Carbohydrates"-low or low-carb diets such as Atkins have become extremely popular for weight loss. However, an American study conducted at length over 25 years shows that moderate carbohydrate consumption - or replacing red meat with vegetable protein and fat is healthier over time.
The Global Study on Low Carb Diet
In the research published in Lancet Public Health, 15,400 people from the U.S. responded to questionnaires on the type and amount of food and drink they consumed. From the answers, scientists calculated the ratio of calories from carbohydrate, fat and protein intake.
The same group was attended to by experts for about 25 years. Thus, it was found that those who took 50-55% of their energy from carbohydrates were at a lower risk of dying than those who followed low carb diets or those who consumed high amounts of carbohydrates.
Researchers estimate that since the age of 50, those who consumed balanced amounts of carbohydrates and other nutrient groups had a chance to live on average for another 33 years.
- 4 years more than people who received as much as 30% or less of their energy from carbohydrates (a group of extremely low carbohydrate consumption)
- 2.3 years more than those who took 30-40% of their energy from carbohydrates (low-carb group)
- 1.1 years longer than those who received 65% of their energy from carbohydrates (high carbohydrate group)
The findings are reinforced by previous surveys involving 400,000 people from over 20 countries.
The balanced diet
Carbohydrates include vegetables, fruits and sugar but the most common form is is starchy foods such as potatoes, rice, bread, pasta and cereals.
Scientists point out that western-type diets that exclude carbohydrates from eating result in low consumption of fruits, vegetables and seeds and increased in animal protein and fat that have been linked to inflammation and tissue aging.
Dr. Alison Tedstone, the chief nutritionist at the Center for Public Health in the UK, said that "these studies provide further evidence that low carbohydrate diets can in the long run create serious health problems. Starchy foods rich in fiber and carbohydrates, including fruits and vegetables, are good for giving us half the energy we need every day. At the same time, it is recommended to reduce the intake of fatty substances from red meat and dairy products. "